In an early study, Dr. Lindo Chao and her research team found evidence of, "reduced cortical gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and hippocampal volume," in veterans of the 1991 Gulf War who were among those exposed to low-level nerve agents following demolitions of chemical-laden munitions shortly following the end of the war.
In her team's new study published on February 23, 2016 in the peer-reviewed medical journal, Neurotoxicology, Chao reports that veterans who report having merely heard chemical alarms sounding have similar degenerative changes in their brains.
According Chao's news study, "The current findings suggest that exposure to substances that triggered those chemical alarms during the Gulf War likely had adverse neuroanatomical effects."
Neurotoxicology. 2016 Feb 23;53:246-256. doi: 10.1016/j.neuro.2016.02.009. [Epub ahead of print]
Associations between the self-reported frequency of hearing chemical alarms in theater and regional brain volume in Gulf War Veterans.
Published by Elsevier B.V.
Brain imaging; Cerebral volume; Chemical warfare agents; Gulf War veterans
- [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]